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Diastema and Its Treatment

Diastema is the medical term for a spacing between teeth. While gaps can develop anywhere in your mouth, diastema is most usually appear between your two front teeth (midline diastema). Spacing between your teeth might be small or large. Diastema generally doesn’t have a negative impact on your oral health. However, in particular cases, it could be a sign of gum disease.

A diastema is thus an aesthetic condition characterized by a gap occurring between the two front teeth. Gaps might also occur anywhere in mouth, but they’re most common between two front teeth. When an excessive spacing occur in many areas of the mouth, none of them is as visible as the diastema in teeth at the front. This aesthetic condition is generally considered not to be a cosmetic concern, but sometimes, it has a relation with gum disease. Furthermore, diastema does not entail any dental intervention as it does not pose a threat to oral health. It is a naturally occurring condition caused by extra space in the mouth. But people tend to be uncomfortable with the way it looks and looks for solutions to close the caps in the teeth. So diastema treatment is only a way to boost self-image and a solution for smiling confidently. Diastema treatments consist of dental bonding, porcelain veneers and braces.

Causes of Distema

The spacing between the teeth is a frequent phenomenon but the reasons contributing for its occurrence change from person to person. Some factors are not related to hereditary causes and thus they are not unavoidable and preventable. But in other cases when the spacing occurs due to genetic factors, the aesthetic condition in the teeth is not escapable. Many people have genetic predisposition to diastema. That’s why the condition sometimes are a characteristic traits in families. Similar to many non-dental issues, gaps in the teeth can be common in families, sometimes beginning from a young age but ending when adult teeth come through, and sometimes being permanent all throughout life.

Problems in tooth development are another root cause of diastema, beginning from a young age. These problems might be caused by certain childhood habits or injuries that led you to lose teeth during your childhood. Spacing between teeth can form as the teeth position changes.

Another cause of diastema is the failure to stay on top of your dental hygiene. This can cause gum disease, periodontitis, which occurs when healthy gum tissue can cause gum recession, revealing dark spaces between teeth below the gum line. Afterwards, this can be the factor leading to a diastema in teeth as the area of the tooth which was once not visible is then revealed. With this condition, infection damages your jawbone, leading to gaps and fallen teeth.

Teeth that are too small or an abnormally frenum (the connective tissue between your lip and gums) can also be the root cause of diastema. In some cases, diastema may occur as a result of an abnormal swallowing reflex. For example, your tongue should touch and pressurize the roof of your mouth when swallowing. However, if you push your tongue against your front teeth instead, the continuous pressure can cause a spacing to develop over time.

Patient Profile for Diastema

Diastema can occur both on children and adults. However the condition is more prevalent in children, and spacing between their teeth may go away once their permanent (adult) teeth come in.

Midline diastema (when the spacing occurs between the two upper front teeth) is more common among certain nationalities. For example, people who are Black are more likely to have diastema than the people who are white or of Asian descent.

Is a Diastema Normal Phenomenon?

The answer is year because diastema is a common occurrence, and most dentists deem it as part of normal dental development. Therefore clinicians don’t view it causing any oral health concerns. But if the gap between your teeth is caused by periodontitis, this could be a symptom of gum disease treatment and requires medical intervention.

Is there Correlation between Age and Diastema?

In a healthy mouth, there is no correlation between age and diastema. If a person notices that the spacing between the teeth is getting wider, he or she should call the dentist, as it might be related to gum disease.

Symptoms of Diastema

The only sign of diastema is the gap between your teeth. If your teeth and gums are in good health, then there usually won’t be any other symptoms. However, if the gum disease led to a spacing between your teeth, you may have pain, redness, swelling or other gum disease-related problems.

When it comes to the diagnosis of this disease, it will be a simple. Your dentist may easily diagnose diastema during a routine dental assessment. No additional testing is necessary.

Prevention of Diastema

The diastema cases cannot be prevented when they are caused by genetics. It’s simply a feature that your parents or ancestors passed down to you. But the diastema cases caused by non-genetic factors can be prevented by reducing the risk of infection or maintaining a good oral hygiene. Visiting the dentist for regular cleanings and check-ups is recommended. If you come across with redness, swelling, bleeding or other signs of gum disease, visit the dentist right away.

Diagnosis with Diastema

There is nothing to be concerned when the diastema is not caused by infection. It should not have It a negative impact on your oral health. In fact, many people even continue with their normal life by embracing the gap between their teeth as they view it a natural feature. If, however a person decides to close the gap between his teeth, there are many treatments methods available to allow the patient to attain cosmetic goals.

Treatment of Diastema

There are several methods to correct diastema. Treatment methods is determined according to the fact that whether it is due to gum disease or if it’s just a cosmetic problem. The advancements in this medical treatment allow to fix most diastemas whether it is performed for medical purposes or aesthetic goals. Depending on the complaint of the patient, the treatment is selected. There are also non-operational solutions which can be performed at home or with the assistance of a dental professional.

Many people prefer to live with the diastema by accepting it as a feature. Especially in milder cases when the upper lip does not appear above the tooth or gum line while smiling, many people will not even take notice of their condition.

To avoid occurrence of diastema in children at a young age, excessive thumb sucking should be prevented. It is also essential to prevent children from putting a lot of pressure on developing teeth. Parents can apply several solutions such as using finger guards or bitter nail polishes if they have hard time in preventing child’s habit of sucking thumb frequently. Another habit that can prevent a diastema developing due to tongue thrusting (the act of tongue pushing on the front teeth when swallowing) is to perform a speech therapy if a child needs to exercise a healthy swallowing pattern.

Gum disease can be a factor causing diastema and gum and bone loss in later years. It causes spacing between the teeth as a result of changes in formation of teeth. More severe gum disease may involve more invasive treatments such as gum grafts, jaw surgery or other treatment to correct the condition. By following a daily oral care and maintaining oral hygiene can prevent development of gum disease. Regular check-ups by dentist will allow prior detection of any signs in the early stages.

Cosmetic treatments for diastema are suitable for the people whose teeth are healthy and who simply wish to close the spacing between their teeth. There are several cosmetic dental treatments on the table as mentioned below.

Dental bonding refers to an application in which the dentist applies a tooth-colored composite resin substance to hide the gap. Then, your teeth are modified and polished for a natural looking view.

Porcelain veneers are custom-made ceramic shells that permanently stick to your front tooth side. They can remove the gap between the teeth for a more uniform appearance.

Braces can be preferred by the dentist when the gap is large. Dentist may use braces or clear orthodontic aligners to physically align the spaced teeth towards themselves. In mild cases, your dentist can usually correct diastema without use of braces.

A frenectomy — sometimes called a frenulectomy — is an oral surgery method to treat the lip-tie or tongue-tie. During the procedure, the dentist cuts or modifies a frenum (also called frenulum), a band of connective tissue that joins two areas. In many cases, frenectomy is conducted simultaneously with another cosmetic procedure, such as dental bonding or veneers.

Dental bridge can be a supportive treatment if the spacing between the teeth is related to a missing tooth. The dentist will recommend a bridge to replace it. To insert a bridge, patient should have two healthy teeth on opposing side of the gap. These teeth will be modified to serve as anchors for new restructuring of teeth.

Dental implant can be also helpful as dental bridges. Similar to a dental bridge, an implant in inserted in the void left by missing tooth. But with a dental implant, it is not required to modify and alter the neighboring teeth. An implant is a threaded titanium material that is placed in the missing tooth root. Once it’s healed, a dental crown is placed to restore it and close the spacing between your teeth.

Gum disease treatments for diastema requires a series of procedures. First of all, the harmful bacteria should be removed inside the mouth. Once the oral hygiene is achieved and infection is put under control, the diastema treatments specified above can be chosen by the patient.

Common gum treatments include scaling and root planing. If patient has a mild gum disease, the dentist may prefer scaling and root planing, which refers to a comprehensive dental cleaning. It’s similar to a regular cleaning, but patient will be desensitized inside his or her mouth as the provider can reach bacteria that are located deep under the gums.

Gingival flap surgery is another hum treatment method to treat moderate to advanced gum disease. During this treatment, the periodontist makes an incision along the gum line, then temporarily moves the gums back to access the teeth roots. After deeply cleaning the teeth roots, the gums will be repositioned and sutured (stitched) back into its previous position. If patient has bone loss around a tooth, the surgeon may also insert a dental bone graft to help regenerate bone tissue in that region.

Dental crowns are often preferred by those who want to conceal their teeth diastemas for aesthetic concerns. Especially if the gap is caused by a missing tooth, such as injury inside mouth, then applying dental crowns can fix the issue by using tooth-colored composite resin crowns to maintain the natural look of a person’s teeth. Dental treatments in Turkey are an increasingly popular choice made by many foreigners as they can attain their long-dreamt smiles at a reasonable price tag than in many other countries in the world.

Diastema Treatment in Turkey

Turkey has become a top destination in the worlds for aesthetic surgeries including neck lift. Doctors in Turkey get a strict and disciplined education to become experts in this treatment area. Even during their training period as a practitioner, they have the chance to treat patients from abroad. Turkey has also good reputation for high-tech clinics which utilize advanced techniques and even contribute to the improvement in aesthetic technology.

While the clinic services in Turkey are prime quality, the prices are cheaper than many other countries in the world. Diastema treatment is among the treatments offered in Turkish clinics. Due to low cost of living, undervalued currency with regard to foreign currencies and government subsidies in medical sector, Turkish clinics offer diastema treatment at favorable prices. Furthermore, Turkish clinics provide all-inclusive treatment packages that consists of accommodation, flights, transfer, treatment, post-surgery care and translation. Be sure to check clinics in Turkey before deciding to go for diastema treatment abroad.

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