Otoplasty, or also known as ear correction surgery, is a medical procedure to correct shape of ears and re-design their appearance. It is an aesthetic procedure to address a person’s dissatisfaction with the look of his or her ears. The appearance of ears might be discomforting for person if they stick from head. Another cause of disturbance might be the defects on ears that occurred at birth or developed as a result of injury.
Final shape of ears will be attained after reaching adulthood. But if there are defects coming from birth, the splinting method is used to correct it successfully. These defect can be prominent looking ears or other shape problems.
Why Otoplasty is Performed?
Ear correction surgery is performed on patients who has ear deformities specified below:
· Ears that protrude too far from head
· Large and disproportionate ears compared to head
· Dissatisfaction with the previous ear surgery
Otoplasty is conducted on both ears to avoid incongruence between them. This surgery has nothing to with addressing hearing abilities or changing location of ears.
Children with no other health problems, teenagers and adults with no life-threatening conditions are suitable candidates for ear correction surgery. Smoking is also not advised for persons who consider ear correction surgery. Children should be at least five years old and developed their ear cartilage in a sufficient way.
Ear correction surgery usually takes two to three hours and conducted under general or local anesthesia. The incision is made behind the ear or in front, in parallel with the natural contour of the ear. In this way, the surgery scar will be less visible during the recovery process.
There are three types of otoplasty procedure. First type is called incisionless otoplasty. In this method, ears that are sticking out too far from the head. This method is the least invasive technique with lesser complications and shorter recovery time.
Lop-Ear otoplasty is the second method to treat particular type of ear deformity in which the top of the ear leans forward. These deformities can be mild or severe malformations. The top of the ear that bends forward is corrected with this technique.
One-Ear otoplasty is the last method, which is performed to correct deformities on ear of the patient. The goal of this technique is similar to other method as it aims at correcting defects and enhancing the appearance. The surgeon changes the outer ear to achieve the desired natural look.
Preparation for Surgery
If a patient decided to have ear correction surgery, he or she has to take steps indicated below and exercise cautions indicated as follows:
· Having requisite tests before medical examination
· Quitting smoking
· Abandoning use of anti-inflammatory drugs, aspirin and herbal supplements
Possible Risks of Ear Correction Surgery
Otoplasty, like many other surgeries, has potential risks such as bleeding, infection and adverse reaction to sedation. There are also other risks that might be association with ear correction surgery:
· Scarring: The scars left from the surgery might last lifetime, but they will remain hidden behind ear or within creases of ears
· Asymmetry in ear positioning: The healing process might not progress as desired due to changes in recovery phase. The surgery could not achieve ideal results.
· Changes in skin sensation: The changing of ears’ position during surgery might affect skin sensation temporarily. The skin sensation will go away in almost all cases.
· Allergic reaction: The body can exhibit allergic reactions to the substances and materials used during the surgery.
· Problems with stiches: The stiches that are used to fixate ear’s new shape might lose their function after a while. These stiches needed to removed and might cause inflammation on the skin. An additional surgery choice would be on the table.
After ear surgery, ears will be wrapped in bandages for support and protection. An itching feeling might create disturbance to you. Stick to medication prescribed by doctor. If pain medication causes unforeseen disturbance, consult your doctor immediately. Ask your doctor about performing daily activities such as showering or physical exercise.
In order to avoid pressure on your eyes, do not sleep on your side. Furthermore, incisions should not be rubbed and excessive force should not be applied onto them. Neck and head region should be free of contact with clothes. It is advised to put on button-down shirts or shirts with loose-fitting neckline.
Bandages will be removed a few days after the surgery by doctor. You will come across with swollen and red ears most probably. Doctor will instruct you to wear a loose headband around ears at night for several weeks. In this way, you will be prevented from pulling your ears forward when moving inside the bed.
The stiches will be removed if they are non-dissolvable. They should be removed in the doctor’s clinic if they non-dissolvable. So consult your doctor at the time of removal of stiches.
Recovery after Surgery
There might be minor swelling and discomfort in and around ear after surgery. Patient should wear protection and cover during recovery process. Most of the patients will be instructed to wear compression garments. Doctor will also prescribe certain medications possibly including antibiotics. Patient should adhere to following the medication routine.
A supportive headband is advised to be worn in order to cover ears for the first couple of days after the surgery. The swelling and discomfort that arose immediately after the surgery will go away quickly. Patient will be alleviated from his complaints within few days after surgery.
Around day 10 milestone, patient can fully return to normal life including going to work. This period depends on the type of work and degree of swelling as well. A headband will be advised to be worn at night for six weeks after the surgery.
After three months, the ears will attain their final natural appearance. Patient should consult with doctor at this point of time to get an overview of his results. It may take longer for some patient to get fully recovered. In order to fully see the ultimate results of surgery, one-year milestone should be passed. The healing process depends on several factors including health, age and other physiological factors.
Tips for Post Surgery Care
The points to follow after surgery are mentioned below:
· Patient should maintain a straight posture as much as possible to ensure proper blood flow.
· When drying hair, patient should avoid using high heat or heated styling equipment
· Medications should be taken as prescribed by doctor. It might be useful to set reminders for medications
· A nutrient rich diet will help patient to recover rapidly from ear surgery
Otoplasty in Turkey
Turkey is among the top health tourism destinations for aesthetic surgeries including otoplasty. Doctors in Turkey undergo a strict and disciplined education to become experts. Even during their training period as a practitioner, they get the opportunity to treat patients from abroad. Turkey has also renowned for high-tech clinics which utilize up-to-date techniques and even contribute to the advancement in aesthetic technology.
While the clinic services in Turkey are of high quality, the prices are way cheaper than many other countries in the world. Ear correction surgery is no exception for treatments offered in Turkish clinics. Due to low cost of living, undervalued currency with regard to foreign currencies and government subsidies in medical sector, Turkish clinics offer eye correction surgery at favorable prices. Furthermore, Turkish clinics offer all-inclusive treatment packages that consists of accommodation, flights, transfer, treatment, post-surgery care and translation.
Ear Correction Surgery Cost in Turkey Summary (Price, Duration Time, Hospitalization)
Number of Operations 1
Time to resume work 1 week
Duration of Surgery 1-2 hours
Healing Process 6 weeks
Sedation General or Local Anesthesia
Longevity of Results Permanent
Sensitivity Time 6 week
Hospitalization Period none
Price $900 - $3600